By Randy David
When the two Germans being held by an armed group in Sulu were released on Oct. 17 after six months in captivity, a Philippine military spokesman announced that the foreigners were freed because of the pressure exerted by the military and that, in keeping with government policy, no ransom was paid to the kidnappers.
By Ramon Farolan
Last week two German hostages being held by the Abu Sayyaf since April were released after full payment of a P250-million ransom demand. This according to Abu Sayyaf sources.
By Noralyn Mustafa
At no time since its foundation in the 15th century has the Sultanate of Sulu and North Borneo been so much in the news.
By Nash Maulana
The Sultanate of Maguindanao and the kingdom of Buayan in upper Cotabato played key roles in ending a civil war in Brunei in the 17th century that resulted in the Sulu sultanate being rewarded a huge swath of territory called Sabah.
By Sen. Miriam Defensor-Santiago
Under a treaty entered into with the sultans of Sulu and Maguindanao in 1640, the Spaniards recognized the independence of the two sultanates. Thus, the Sulu sultan later became the sovereign ruler of Sabah.