Commentary

‘Yolanda,’ national security, and climate change

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Gone are the days when talking about the weather meant polite conversation. These days, it usually means trouble. Many want to know if the intensity of Supertyphoon “Yolanda” was fueled by climate change. The truth is that it’s too soon for any specific research to have been conducted and concluded to confirm that Yolanda was directly caused by global warming. However, we can take stock of what has been formally researched.

Ever since the discovery of climate change in the late 19th century, climate research has been a group effort—often by scientists who didn’t know each other and were disconnected by time and geography. This process holds true up to now.

In the last decade, scientists have done research on the correlation between tropical cyclones and climate change, but no group has unequivocally declared a direct cause-and-effect relationship. So far, results have been more like pieces of a puzzle offering snippets of a yet undefined scenery. In 1998, a group of climate scientists led by A. Henderson-Sellers came together and asserted that with a doubling of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, tropical cyclones could be expected to increase their maximum potential intensity by 10-20 percent.

This report precipitated a slew of consequential studies. K. Emanuel of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology inferred in 1999 that storm intensity is influenced by the thermodynamics of the air and ocean along a storm’s path. In a later work with colleagues, he concluded that while the frequency of cyclones should reduce globally, it is found to increase in some areas—in particular, the West Pacific basin (where we are). Furthermore, cyclone intensity would also be expected to increase with ocean surface temperature in the same region. This report ran 2,000 synthetic events in five ocean basins using seven global climate models from various meteorological institutions.

This year, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concluded that ocean warming accounted for more than 90 percent of energy accumulated from global warming between 1971 and 2010. Sea surface temperatures have clearly risen and are expected to continue rising in the next decades. Scientific research on this subject is not limited to these reports. These conclusions have been well corroborated. But at the same time, we will not deny the presence of opposing positions.

In connecting the dots from one report to another, therefore, it seems very suggestive that global warming indeed plays an active role in creating high-intensity typhoons in the West Pacific basin.

This leads us back to Yolanda. Seeing the devastation on TV is sad enough. A friend came back from doing volunteer relief work in Tacloban City last week, and described the place as a war zone. It is just unthinkable! How could a mundane thing like the weather cause all that destruction in four hours?

Deadly typhoons have now become an enemy from which we cannot defend ourselves. They are now an issue of national security. Even the President cannot negotiate with the weather.

The concept of climate change as an issue of national security is nothing new. Many political analysts have recently asserted that Syria’s civil war goes deeper than the use of chemical weapons. CNN reported that in 2009, there were already rumors about how the country’s water shortage, due to a crippling drought, could have sparked internal conflict. It prompted the residents of about 160 villages to abandon their homes due to agricultural and livestock failures. We often overlook that hunger, thirst, poverty, and displacement can start a war.

If we go further back in history, many migrations were triggered by climate change. For example, archaeological findings reveal that in prehistoric times, the Sahara used to be a lush savannah that supported wildlife and trees. Then, when water tables receded and the Sahara became a desert, people migrated to the Nile and established the Egyptian civilization. Unfortunately, with the world’s burgeoning population today, moving to greener pastures is most probably no longer an option.

What is even more disturbing is that the countries that suffer the brunt of climate change’s repercussions are most likely not the largest carbon emitters. Industrialized countries still contribute more greenhouse gases then developing countries. Yet it is usually the poorer countries and marginalized people who bear the consequences.

According to a World Bank report, the Philippines is No. 40 on the greenhouse gas emissions list. The top five emitters are China, the United States, India, the Russian Federation, and Japan.

Climate change is not just a national issue that can be resolved within the bounds of our sovereignty. Similar to how scientists found out about it, addressing climate change is a group effort. No one country can do this singlehandedly. After all, the air around us knows no bounds. Once carbon dioxide escapes into the atmosphere, it doesn’t belong to any country; it belongs to our planet.

It is time for the Philippines to take a more active part in international climate affairs, because we are vulnerable.

Crissie Hontanosas (c.hontanosas@ac3s.org) is the director of the Advisory Center for Climate Change and Sustainability. References to this article at: http://www.ac3s.org/beta/archive-resources/references/.

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  • Fulpol

    Deadly typhoons have now become an enemy from which we cannot defend ourselves. They are now an issue of national security. Even the President cannot negotiate with the weather.
    ————-

    if only he can negotiate with the typhoon..

    unlikely, he didn’t even offer a negotiation with MNLF.. he love to massacre people.. like what his family’s army massacred the peasants of Hacienda Luisita..

    what if he negotiated with the MNLF and avoided the massacre? perhaps, Super typhoon Yolanda didn’t strike, perhaps it’s Providential.

    after all, everyone are brothers in the eyes of one God..

  • Fulpol

    Super typhoon Yolanda caused by Climate change??

    I don’t buy that..

    for sane people.. they prefer to believed conspiracy theories..

    for idiot people, they listened to stupid opinions.. climate change is one stupid opinion..

  • Fulpol

    for BS Aquino-makapili III, the national security concern of the Philippines, is not about the effect of climate change..

    it is the build up of defense against foreign incursion like China…

    he prefers war.. gun fighting.. “for the love of the game”..

    foreign leaders knew the psychology of the Philippine President..

  • Fulpol

    It is time for the Philippines to take a more active part in international climate affairs, because we are vulnerable.

    ————————-

    Philippines is a regular host of many typhoons every year.. with or without climate change..

    recently, there is a decreasing incidence of typhoons yet the intensities are getting stronger..

    you can’t push your assertions and arguments that climate change is devastating Philippines “without solid proofs”..

    you are like a crying baby in the international affairs..

  • 33Sam

    “Many want to know if the intensity of Supertyphoon “Yolanda” was fueled by climate change. The truth is that it’s too soon for any specific research to have been conducted and concluded to confirm that Yolanda was directly caused by global warming. However, we can take stock of what has been formally researched.

    Ever since the discovery of climate change in the late 19th century, climate research has been a group effort—often by scientists who didn’t know each other and were disconnected by time and geography. This process holds true up to now.”

    NATIONAL SECURITY?

    YOU WOULD HAVE TO REALLY DEFINE WHAT ONE MEANS BY “NATIONAL SECURITY!”

    “scientists who didn’t know each other and were disconnected by time and geography. This process holds true up to now.”

    EVER HEAR OF COMPARTMENTALIZATION HONTANOSAS???

    THAT SCIENTISTS ARE PUPPETS PAID BY MULTI-BILLION DOLLAR INSTITUTES AND ARE NEVER TOLD THE WHOLE STORY NOR TOLD WHAT ONE SET OF FINDINGS HAS TO DO WITH ANOTHER. ONLY THOSE THAT PAY AND CONTROL THESE SCIENTISTS KNOW THE REAL AGENDAS, AND ONLY AT THE HIGHEST LEVELS.

    CLIMATE CHANGE IS BULL$HIT.

    EVER SINCE THE CREATION OF WEATHER MODIFICATION THE OWNERS AND USERS OF ENMOD WEAPONS,THAT CAN BE USED TO CREATE EARTHQUAKES, TSUNAMIS, TYPHOONS, TORNADOES, PEOPLE HAVE BEEN VICTIMS OF SUPERSTITION, DOCTORED PRESS RELEASES AND SECRET MILITARY OPS.

    icrc . org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/Article. xsp?key=EARTHQUAKES&a ction=openDocument&docu mentId=A951B510E9491F5 6C12563CD0051FC40

    Understanding relating to article II

    It is the understanding of the Committee that the following examples are illustrative of phenomena that could be caused by the use of environmental modification techniques as defined in article II of the Convention: earthquakes; tsunamis; an upset in the ecological balance of a region; changes in weather patterns (clouds, precipitation, cyclones of various types and tornadic storms); changes in climate patterns; changes in ocean currents; changes in the state of the ozone layer; and changes in the state of the ionosphere.

    YOLANDA LIKE KATIRNA, SANDY, WERE WEAPONIZED WEATHER INCIDENTS. THERE ARE MANY WAYS, USING PLASMA, LASER EVEN HAARP.

    A TYPHOON CANNOT POSSESS THUNDERSTORMS AS THE WIND CURRENT DIRECTION IS HORIZONTAL, NOT VERTICAL. THUNDERSTORMS CAN ONLY BE CREATED BY NATURE IN A VERTICAL WIND DIRECTED OCCURRENCE AND OVER LAND WHEN (NOT OVER WATER) THE WIND CURRENTS HIT A LANDMASS, LIKE A MOUNTAIN. ICE CRYSTALS ARE FORMED IN VERTICAL WIND CURRENTS TO CREATE THE LIGHTNING.

    YOLANDA WAS REPORTED AS EARLY AS NOVEMBER 5, 2013 BY WUNDERGROUND’S DR. JEFFREY MASTERS AS HAVING “INTENSE THUNDERSTORMS.” AND WHILE YOLANDA WAS STILL OUT AT SEA OVER WATER, NOT LAND.

    NO LESS THAN N.A.S.A. INVESTIGATED KATRINA DUBBING KATRINA THE “ELECTRIC HURRICANE” AS IT WAS N.A.S.A.’S INVESTIGATION THAT REVEALED THAT WHAT WAS MISSING FROM KATRINA WAS “VERTICAL WINDS” TO CREATE THUNDERSTORMS, AND THAT THE SPACE AGENCY NOTED THERE WAS LIGHTNING AT THE STORM’S EYE WALL.

    YOLANDA’S EFFECT WAS THE SAME FOR KATRINA. HIGH WINDS AND FLOOD WATERS.

    THE CLUB OF ROME WAS CREATED IN 1968 BY AN ITALIAN INDUSTRIALIST AURELIO PECCEI TO PRECISELY INVENT FAKE ANOMALIES LIKE OVERPOPULATION, GLOBAL WARMING, GLOBAL COOLING AND BLAME HUMANITY SO THAT MONEY COULD BE BILKED FROM INNOCENT IGNORANT PEOPLES. AL GORE’S GLOBAL WARMING IS A SCAM. ALL GORE DID WAS PAY OFF SOME LESS THAN CONSCIENTIOUS SCIENTISTS TO INVERT A CO2 CHART AND MAKE A FAKE CASE FOR GLOBAL WARMING.

    THE EARTH’S TEMPERATURE HAS NOT CHANGED IN 15 YEARS AND IF ANYTHING IT IS GETTING COOLER.

    IT WOULD BEHOOVE ONE TO NOTE THAT BEFORE “GLOBAL WARMING” BEING USED AS THE CATCH-ALL PHRASE, THESE “GOVERNMENT” AGENCY THRUSTS WERE USING “GLOBAL COOLING” AND THIS WAS JUST A FEW YEARS AGO.

    SO NOTE THEY CHANGED THEIR STORIES MID STREAM AND THAT IN ITSELF IS SUSPICIOUS.

    YOLANDA WAS MAN MADE AND 4000 + PEOPLE WERE MURDERED.

    NOW YOU HAVE ANDERSON COOPER IN THE PHILIPPINES TO PUT A SPIN ON THE TRUTH AS HE WORKS FOR THE SAME PEOPLE WHO KILLED JFK, TRYING TO DISTRACT FROM THE FACT THAT YOLANDA WAS CAUSE BY WEATHER WEAPONIZED WARFARE.

    NOTHING HAS CHANGED FROM THOSE WHO MANIPULATE THIS PLANET, SINCE THE DAY KENNEDY WAS SHOT THAT GLOBALIST-ILLUMINATI-EUGENICIST CONCOCTED DAY OF NOVEMBER 22, 1963 AT 12:30 P.M.

  • Chloroform

    Industrialized countries are greenhouse gas emitters but countries like ours are also benefiting from it through our OFWs and the products we buy in the market. For me, one way to solve greenhouse gas emission is for the renewable source of electric power be cheaper than fossil fueled energy generators. Let us set aside capitalism in the energy sector…

    • 33Sam

      YOU SWALLOWED AL GORE’S LIES.

      GLOBAL WARMING IS A CLUB OF ROME SCAM.

      GORE IS JUST AFTER YOUR MONEY.

      NOW WATCH GORE FORCE YOUR GOVERNMENT TO REACH INTO YOUR POCKETS WITH MORE TAXES AKA “CARBON TAXES” WHICH IS JUST ANOTHER RUSE TO FOOL YOU INTO PAYING GORE AND THEM MORE MONEY!!!

      YOLANDA WAS MAN MADE, USING WEATHER MODIFICATION WEAPONS, AND IS GOING TO BE USED BY GLOBALIST-EUGENICIST CROOKS TO USHER IN CARBON TAXES.

      MARK MY WORDS. IT’S ALREADY BEEN DISCUSSED.

      WEATHER MODIFICATION IS AT LEAST 100 YEARS OLD. EVEN THE UNITED NATIONS CREATED THE ENMOD CONVENTION AS EARLY WAS 1976 TO PREVENT WEATHER WEAPONS FROM BEING USED ON NATIONS TO CAUSE LONG TERM DAMAGE.

      icrc . org/applic/ihl/ihl.nsf/Article. xsp?key=EARTHQUAKES&a ction=openDocument&docu mentId=A951B510E9491F5 6C12563CD0051FC40

      Understanding relating to article II

      It is the understanding of the Committee that the following examples are illustrative of phenomena that could be caused by the use of environmental modification techniques as defined in article II of the Convention: earthquakes; tsunamis; an upset in the ecological balance of a region; changes in weather patterns (clouds, precipitation, cyclones of various types and tornadic storms); changes in climate patterns; changes in ocean currents; changes in the state of the ozone layer; and changes in the state of the ionosphere.

      KNOW YOUR INFORMATION!

      TRUE NATIONAL SECURITY IS KNOWING YOU ARE BEING ATTACKED WITH HIDDEN WEAPONS OF WAR DISGUISED AS “MOTHER NATURE.”

      KNOW THE DIFFERENCE.

  • kino

    No wonder people are now greeting each other “morning,” “afternoon,” and “evening ” without the usual prefix “good.” People are no longer sure about the weather even though the sun is up or the moon and the stars are out, or whether there will be hitches along the way after smiling at each other in the morning, afternoon or evening. Or not sure whether problems have been encountered earlier.

  • virgoyap

    Thank you for the much clearer presentation on global warming. The first time also I know about Sahara desert. I thought it was already a desert since time immemorial.

  • TheGUM

    Very informative and well-written. Thank you.

  • illianni pansensoy

    The fishes are gone

    I have been diving early dawn,
    from one reef to another,
    and into the depth of the shoal,
    from sunrise till sunset,
    but caught four tiny fishes,
    and a dead oyster,
    quite disturbing,
    the fishes are gone.

    Very vivid in my thought
    just five years have passed,
    my father had fished for an hour,
    but brought us 3 tubs full of fishes,
    and a pail of flowing abalones
    and sea cucumbers,
    in his pocket,
    two beautiful shiny pearls.

    Not so long ago,
    where the fishes laid eggs,
    blue, red and white corals,
    tiled the natural beauty of the reefs,
    but now are blackened,
    dying in cyanide poisoning,
    broken into pieces by dynamites’ explosions,
    deliberately uprooted and sold to China’s
    insatiable market,
    they are too dead,
    and gone.

    something’s bothering every morning,
    inside of me,
    fear is wildly growing,
    one day if it will arrive,
    fishes will just be part of
    humanity’s saddest memory,
    the heroes of legendary books with ugly scales,
    and swimming on the pages of folk tales.

    It is quite not pretty,
    seeing a bamboo black cross,
    standing in the middle of a reef,
    shouting out a message,
    the sea is dead,
    and all the fishes are gone,
    gone even in our wildest imaginations.

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