At Large

Twin scourges



You’d think, given the number of laws, rules, procedures, watchdog bodies and courts set up to curb graft and corruption, that we would have long said “bye-bye-bye” to small- and large-scale thievery of public funds by now.

But as the big fuss being raised over the pork barrel scam and the person of Janet Lim-Napoles proves, not only does graft and corruption exist in the Philippines, it is seemingly rampant, and top-of-mind these days among Filipinos who care for the country.

“Graft and Corruption: The Twin Scourges of Philippine Society,” billed as “A Primer for Laymen, Public Officers and Employees,” is a book written by the father-and-daughter tandem of retired associate justice of the Sandiganbayan Romeo Escareal and Rosanna Escareal-Velasco, a certified public accountant. By design or accident, the book has been released just as all eyes are trained on “pork” and its misuse, abuse and waste. But when I looked up “pork” or “pork barrel” or even PDAF (Priority Development Assistance Fund) in the volume’s index, I found no mention of them. Still, to anyone thumbing through its pages, the uproar over “pork” must lurk in the background, much like the soundtrack of a movie.

The book’s cover art is telling. It’s a photo of the scales of justice, with a gavel outweighed by pieces of money on the other side. Indeed, the problem confronting us today is how money is used to upset the balance of power, good governance and accountability in the way the law is applied. How can we expect equal justice, or even justice for all, if money talks, and violence is employed to convince the reluctant?

* * *

Here’s a listing by the Escareals of the laws dealing with antigraft and corrupt practices, beginning with the constitutional provision on the “accountability of public officers.”

Specific laws include: the Revised Penal Code on crimes committed by public officers; the Forfeiture Law or the Unexplained Wealth Act; The Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act; the Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officers and Employees; The Act Defining and Penalizing the Crime of Plunder; The Government Procurement Reform Act; the Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007; the Anti-Money Laundering Act of 2001; Prohibition against gift-giving (Presidential Decree No. 46); and the Act Granting Immunity from Prosecution to “givers of bribes and other gifts… in graft cases against public officers.”

Additional measures include: the Citizens’ Counselor Act of 1969; Discipline of Government Officials and Employees; Civil Service Decree of the Philippines; Act Strengthening Civilian Supremacy over the Military; and EO 317 prescribing a Code of Conduct for relatives and close personal relations of the President, Vice-President and Members of the Cabinet.

Also in the book, Escareal makes clear that private individuals (such as Napoles) “who are charged as co-principals, accomplices or accessories with public officers or employees… shall be tried jointly with said public officers and employees.”

And as if to show how “serious” we are in our intent to get rid of the “twin scourges” of society, the government (through the Constitution) has created no less than four anticorruption bodies: the Office of the Ombudsman, the Civil Service Commission, the Commission on Audit, and the Sandiganbayan, a special court “with jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases involving graft and corrupt practices.”

* * *

And yet, as the reports on the vast web of “pork barrel” misuse—involving not just those fake NGOs under the umbrella of JLN Corp. but also others headed by similarly dubious networks and entities—shows, graft and corruption continues to thrive and prosper.

And along with these questionable practices thrive the individuals involved, who, if allegations are to be believed, range from senators and representatives, heads of agencies, auditors and even police and investigation bodies.

Indeed, after watching “OTJ,” the Manila noir film that portrays Philippine society caught in the dark, filthy underbelly of a corrupt system, one finds validation for the movie’s conceit in headlines and news reports. Indeed, corruption has laid down deep roots, touching even the innocent, scandalizing even previously indifferent citizens, raising temperatures all around.

It is Janet Lim-Napoles’ misfortune that she has become the “face” of the pork barrel scam, the convenient scapegoat for crimes in which more prominent, eminent personalities played a leading role. It would indeed be interesting to hear what “Ma’am” Janet has to say, if and when she is sufficiently moved to reveal all that she knows, especially the identities of all who approached her, taught her the ropes, conspired with her in running rings around all the anticorruption laws and bodies, and took a hefty share of the loot.

* * *

Lawyer Lorna Kapunan, described by TV anchor Karen Davila as “the controversial Ms Kapunan,” made a valid point in her interview on ANC. As of this moment, no charges have been filed against Napoles in connection with the “scam.” She has not even been formally charged in the case of “serious illegal detention” filed by her former employee-turned-whistle-blower.

What she is right now is an important potential state witness, and I would lead credence to reports that she fears for her safety and life, given the names that cropped up in connection with the pork barrel scam, all of whom have the means and the motive to silence her.

This is not a conspiracy theory, people, this is reality.

Yes, let’s punish Napoles and her cohorts in those fake NGOs to the full extent of the law. But let’s also hear from her the whole, sordid tale, especially who among those in government conspired with her in stealing our money.

Get Inquirer updates while on the go, add us on these apps:

Inquirer Viber

Disclaimer: The comments uploaded on this site do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of management and owner of We reserve the right to exclude comments that we deem to be inconsistent with our editorial standards.

  • anu12345

    “Yes, let’s punish Napoles and her cohorts in those fake NGOs to the full extent of the law.”

    That includes the husband and the children?

  • brunogiordano

    “…..all of whom have the means and the motive to silence her.”

    Bakit ang tagal naman?????

    Inaantay pa ba nila ang kanilang PARTE upang gamitin dito????

  • Mang Teban

    The persons charged with the responsibility to file charges are in a predicament. Their boss, the president, is still undecided what to tell his “friends” in Congress.

    If P-Noy tells Senate President Drilon and House Speaker Belmonte to rush a joint resolution to abolish the pork barrel system, he knows that he will be facing a Titanic-size wall that will be hard-pressed not to change the status quo but simply to do a makeover, meaning same bologna but with some spices.

    If P-Noy tells the two Congressional leaders to proceed with the 2014 budget without changes except to re-align line budget items, he knows also that the Million March movement informally form will take the shape of EDSA People Power that installed his mother but will ironically unseat him, the son destined to be president by virtue of his family name. [Note that his sister Kris hopes to gain a seat in the Senate or the VP job in 2016 by the same token]

    Hence, the scourge that Ms. Rina Jimenez-David quoted from a book has been plaguing us for decades, even if the authors were probably careful not to use PDAF or pork barrel in their work to avoid legal tussle with the powers-that-be. But, perhaps, now is the time to speak with courage and name names that appear anyway in the COA report and put them to public scrutiny no matter how unorthodox it may have to be.. A lynch mob it ain’t but it just might be necessary when the government prosecutors will not lift a finger to file a case against the evil-doers.

    Let us hope that the avalanche of indignation over the indifference by this present administration will remain calm and sober before it gets ugly and turn into a mob..

To subscribe to the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper in the Philippines, call +63 2 896-6000 for Metro Manila and Metro Cebu or email your subscription request here.

Factual errors? Contact the Philippine Daily Inquirer's day desk. Believe this article violates journalistic ethics? Contact the Inquirer's Reader's Advocate. Or write The Readers' Advocate:

c/o Philippine Daily Inquirer Chino Roces Avenue corner Yague and Mascardo Streets, Makati City,Metro Manila, Philippines Or fax nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94


editors' picks

May 27, 2015

Shades of Sarah

May 26, 2015

Reason prevails