Targeting journalists


Senate Bill 380, filed by Sen. Jinggoy Estrada last month, carries the burden of a weighty title: “An Act providing a Magna Carta for journalists.” But instead of a great charter establishing greater freedoms in the practice of journalism, SB 380 is a dangerous document that threatens the freedoms journalists already have.

Even if we grant, for the sake of argument, that Estrada himself is fully committed to “promoting the welfare and protection of journalism in the country,” as his Explanatory Note tells us; even if we grant, for the sake of argument, that Estrada’s bill does genuinely seek to “ensure a living wage [and] an atmosphere conducive to productive journalism work, reiterate [the] value of ethics, provide for development programs that will deepen the practice of their profession, and promote the defense and protection of freedom and human rights of journalists and their organizations,” as the same Note asserts—even if we grant all that, SB 380 remains a problematic text with a deeply insidious subtext.

In the first place, the provisions of the bill do not in fact meet the high standards and lofty objectives set forth in the Explanatory Note. To give only one of many possible examples: The bill as written cannot “ensure a living wage,” because all it does, in a short, token section, is recommend that in “the determination of the salary of journalist [sic], the following factor [sic] shall, inter alia, be considered”—and then proceeds to simply list three motherhood factors, including “imperatives of economic and social development.” The legal force of this provision, if the bill becomes law, is exactly equivalent to that of a generic wish list.

Secondly, the token provisions (there’s another one, for example, mandating the law’s inclusion in the “school curriculum on journalism”) only serve to highlight the bill’s true emphases: the sections with more than the cursory one or two paragraphs.

In this light, the real interest of the bill lies in accreditation (Section 5), ethics (7) and security (8). Let us focus on the first.

Section 5 begins thus: “There shall be created a Philippine Council for Journalists (PCJ) that will serve as the development center for journalism and at the same time act as a self-regulatory body for journalists and the journalism profession.”

None of the eight organizations deemed to be members of this council is a public-sector entity; by what right the bill gathers eight associations (such as the Philippine Press Institute and the National Union of Journalists of the Philippines) and imposes public duties on them is not explained.

The proposed Council’s main responsibility is to accredit journalists, through what the bill calls the Professional Journalist Examination. (The two other functions of the Council are related: to keep a database of all accredited journalists, and to conduct seminars as a prerequisite for accreditation.)

But the bill follows a two-tier classification: accredited and nonaccredited journalists. In other words, the bill allows nonaccredited journalists to continue to practice. The bill’s defenders (although to be sure we have not yet heard anyone come forward) will point to this as proof that the proposed licensing examination is not draconian or undemocratic. No. It is only designed to make money.

Remarkably, there is no funding provision anywhere in the bill; this means that the proposed Council’s responsibility to accredit becomes an opportunity to make a profit. The new overlords can force already underpaid journalists to pay for the qualifying examinations, the official accreditation card, the required seminars, even the exemption interviews. This is the kind of opportunity that will attract media mercenaries.

But the real issue is: Why the emphasis on accreditation? A citizen does not need a license to exercise the freedoms of speech and the press guaranteed in the Constitution. The notion that accreditation, through a government-imposed system of licensing involving private journalists’ associations themselves, will end up “promoting the welfare and protection of journalism in the country” is as outrageous as it is insidious.

There is no argument that journalism as a profession sometimes fails its strictest standards or falls short of its highest aspirations. But as has been proven time and again in other democracies, the road to quality journalism does not depend on a detour, with a tollgate, through the government.

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Disclaimer: The comments uploaded on this site do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of management and owner of We reserve the right to exclude comments that we deem to be inconsistent with our editorial standards.

  • satoriseeker

    jinggoy is a mental lightweight. that is reflected in this bill……..

    • just another human

      he is just fallowing the orders of LOLONG,he does have the brains period

  • just another human

    Do not forget that showbiz is part of coalaption,take a look at the ELECTIONS. and those present,after the elections they will entertain us so we forget to watch what they really doing behind close doors

  • cogito728sum

    Rereading the editorial after a nap to re-energize this aging mind, I got the impression that the barrels of pork from which the distinguished honourable good senator Jinggoy Estrada and his equally distinguished honourable and good colleagues draw their gustatorial needs to fatten their belly are not sufficient enough to satiate their discriminating taste. They now want to create a CASH COW which will ensure an inexhaustible alternate source of meat, of a different menu, so they will not go hungry while millions go to sleep with grumbling tummies. Mahirap nga naman na lagi na lang adobong baboy araw araw. Every now and then, our hardworking and intensely dedicated legislators must have the best beef in town together with the best wine available for dinner. Ahh, the privilege of power indeed, the privilege of power. Merci!

  • Descarte5E

    Another garbage bill. Eh sya nga hindi naka experience kumuha ng professional career examination tapos lakas loob nyang mag impose or mag file ng bill para sa journalists para kumuha ng professional board examination.

  • jgl414567

    This bill of Jinggoy is a trojan horse to control journalists through a disguised accreditation. This is rubbish, the freedom of the press and speech doesn’t 1need accreditation from a Philippine Center for Journalists proposed by a son of a convicted plunderer and involved in the P10B scam and a cohort of the queen of scams (JLN) . This Jinggoy is moronic!

  • athenapallas

    What Junggoy Estrada has filed is BS 380. Bull manure in its purest form. Eject him from his seat now!

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